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Cyprus Symphony Orchestra Mozart, Salieri Concerts

cyprus symphony orchestraThe Cyprus Symphony Orchestra continues its programme with works by Mozart and Salieri in two concerts in Nicosia and Limassol.

Two evening concerts which start at 8:30pm will take place on Wednesday 7 December 2011 at Rialto Theatre, Limassol and on Thursday 8 December 2011 at Strovolos Municipal Theatre, Nicosia. Tickets are available at the Theatres’ box office at €12 and €7 (Tel. 77777745, 22 313010). Entrance is free for children, students, soldiers and EURO<26 card holders. Information: 22 463144 and www.cyso.org.cy.

Under the music direction of Alkis Baltas we will hear the works Sinfonia Veneziana, “La Tempesta di mare”, the overture to the opera Cesare in Farmacusa, and works by Mozart such as the Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola & Orchestra with soloists Natalia Lomeiko (violin) and Yuri Zhislin (viola), Mithridates, King of Pontus overture and the Symphony No. 35.

The programme:
Composed around 1786 and first performed in Venice, this sinfonia for chamber orchestra was assigned the title La Veneziana by its first modern editor. A considerable part of its musical content derives from Salieri’s overture to the opera buffa La scuola de gelosi.

The two-act opera Cesare in Farmacusa, on a libretto by de Franceschi, tells the story of Julius Caesar’s capture by Sicilian pirates on the island of Farmacusa and his struggle to escape from captivity. The opera premiered with great success in Vienna’s Kärntnerthortheater in June 1800.

Greatly influenced by his tour around Europe from 1777 to 1779, and particularly by his visit to the Mannheim court orchestra, Mozart wished to experiment with more complex orchestral dynamics, and particularly with the sinfonia concertante, which was becoming increasingly popular at the time. Mozart’s only surviving complete work of this type, the Sinfonia Concertante in E flat major was composed in Salzburg in late 1779, after two incomplete attempts in composing works of the same genre.

Composed at the age of fourteen, Mozart’s fourth opera, Mitridate, Re di Ponto, was commissioned by the Count Carl Joseph Firmian, the Governor of Lombardy, to be performed at the opening of the forthcoming carnival season. Mozart received Cigna-Santi’s libretto, based on stories by Racine and Parini, on 27 July 1770; a day after Christmas the opera’s first performance took place at the Teatro Reggio Ducale in Milan, with such great success that no less than twenty-one performances followed. The opera tells the story of Mitridate, who happens to be in love with the same girl as his two sons.

In mid-1782, Mozart, who had already been living in Vienna for more than a year, was asked by his father to compose a new work for the ennoblement of Salzburg’s mayor, Sigmund Haffner. Mozart responded to the request, composing a six-movement Serenade-Symphony in D major. Six months later, in need of a new symphony for his upcoming concerts at the Burgtheater, he transformed the Serenade-Symphony into a new piece, leaving out the two minuet movements and adding a pair each of flutes and clarinets. He conducted the symphony on 23 March 1783, at a full-house performance crowned with success.

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